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CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp, and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, CBD oil

CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC – Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp (not marijuana), and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, hemp-derived CBD oil, CBD-rich cannabis oil, or plainly “hemp extracts,” since they typically contain more than just CBD. However, CBD oil is different from hemp seed oil and organic hemp oil, as these are derived from hemp seeds (not the resin) and do not contain cannabidiol.

All of Superior Hemp Oil’s CBD hemp crops are grown legally in the United States, rigorously tested for safety, quality, and cannabinoid content.

500mg Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil Pain Relief Cream – 1oz Jar

CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp, and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, CBD oil

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1500mg Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil Pain Relief Cream – 1oz Jar

CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp, and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, CBD oil CBD Products

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250mg Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil Tincture – 1oz Bottle

CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp, and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, CBD oil

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500mg Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil Tincture – 1oz Bottle

CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp, and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, CBD oil

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1000mg Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil Tincture – 1oz Bottle

CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp, and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, CBD oil

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1500mg Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil Tincture – 1oz Bottle

CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp, and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, CBD oil

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We use the best testing – ProVerde Laboratories

CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp, and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, CBD oil

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Superior CBD Hemp Oil – Lab Results

CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp, and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, CBD oil

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How does CBD work?

CBD primarily interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, a grouping of millions of cannabinoid receptors found throughout your body, but are primarily clustered in the brain and central nervous system. While CBD is a phytocannabinoid, or plant-based cannabinoid, your body also naturally produces cannabinoids, known as endocannabinoids. Almost every organ of your body, including your skin and digestive tract, contains cannabinoid receptors. The endocannabinoid system has four primary purposes including neuroprotection, stress relief, immune response, and regulating the body’s general state of balance, impacting faculties such as appetite, sleep, mood, and pain.

Unlike THC, CBD does not interact directly with the two classical cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2). This is why CBD does not cause any psychoactive effect. Instead, CBD inhibits the enzymes that break down endocannabinoids, leading to an increase in your body’s naturally-produced cannabinoids.

What Is Hemp?

Hemp Oil is a natural, non-psychoactive concentrate extracted from Hemp. Used on its own as a dietary supplement or infused into a plethora of products. Hemp Oil is packed with vitamins to offer a wide range of natural therapeutic benefits.

It has recently gained massive support from people touting its benefits. Recently, Hemp Oil and Hemp infused products have become an accepted means of relaxation and the substance’s popularity is rising rapidly. Find out more at our Online Store.

Many Claimed Benefits

  • Pain Relief
  • Antipsychotic
  • Anti-Oxidant
  • Anxiolytic/Anti-depressant
  • Anticonvulsant
  • Anti-Inflammatory
  • Anti-tumoral/Anti-Cancer
  • Anxiety Relief
  • Autistic Bipolar Relief
  • Diabetic Neuropathy
  • Helps the Immune System
  • Treats Psoriasis
  • Eczema

CBD Products – Superior Hemp Oil, LLC Full Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from hemp, and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, CBD oil

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Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring cannabinoid constituent of cannabis. It was discovered in 1940 and initially thought to not be pharmaceutically active. It is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in hemp plants, accounting for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. CBD Products

Cannabidiol can be taken into the body in multiple different ways, including by inhalation of cannabis smoke or vapor, as an aerosol spray into the cheek, and by mouth. It may be supplied as an oil containing only CBD as the active ingredient (no added THC or terpenes), a full-plant CBD-dominant hemp extract oil, capsules, dried cannabis, or as a prescription liquid solution. CBD Products

Side effects of CBD include sleepiness, decreased appetite, diarrhea, fatigue, malaise, weakness, sleeping problems, and others. It does not have intoxicating effects like those caused by THC, and may have an opposing effect on disordered thinking and anxiety produced by THC. CBD has been found to interact with a variety of different biological targets, including cannabinoid receptors and other neurotransmitter receptors. The mechanism of action of CBD in terms of it’s psychoactive and therapeutic effects is not fully clear. CBD Products

Medical uses

Multiple sclerosis pain

Nabiximols (brand name Sativex) is an aerosolized mist for oral administration containing a near 1:1 ratio of CBD and THC. The drug was approved by Canadian authorities in 2005 to alleviate pain associated with multiple sclerosis. It is also prescribed in Sweden. CBD Products

Epilepsy

Medical reviews published in 2017 and 2018 incorporating numerous clinical trials concluded that cannabidiol is an effective treatment for certain types of childhood epilepsy. CBD Products

An orally administered cannabidiol solution containing sesame oil (brand name Epidiolex) is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in June 2018 as a treatment for two rare forms of childhood epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. CBD Products

Other Uses

Several studies have been done on other possible uses for cannabidiol but findings have not been conclusive to the standards of pharmaceutical certifications.

Side effects

Cannabidiol safety in humans has been studied in several small studies, suggesting that it is well-tolerated, but with tiredness, diarrhea, and decreased appetite as common adverse effects. CBD Products

Interactions

There is preclinical (rodent) evidence to suggest that cannabidiol may reduce THC clearance, modestly increasing THC’s plasma concentrations resulting in a greater amount of THC available to receptors, increasing the effect of THC in a dose-dependent manner. A small clinical trial reported that CBD partially inhibits the CYP2C catalyzed hydroxylation of THC to 11-OH-THC. CBD Products

Pharmacology

Pharmacodynamics
Cannabidiol has very low affinity for the cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors but is said to act as an indirect antagonist of these receptors. At the same time, it may potentiate the effects of THC by increasing CB1 receptor density or through another CB1 receptor-related mechanism.

Cannabidiol has been found to act as an antagonist of the GPR55, a G protein-coupled receptor and putative cannabinoid receptor that is expressed in the caudate nucleus and putamen in the brain. It has also been found to act as an inverse agonist of the GPR3, GPR6, and GPR12. Although currently classified as orphan receptors, these receptors are most closely related phylogeneticaly to the cannabinoid receptors. In addition to orphan receptors, CBD has been shown to act as a serotonin 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist, and this action may be involved in it’s antidepressant, anxiolytic, and neuroprotective effects. It is an allosteric modulator of the μ- and δ-opioid receptors as well. The pharmacological effects of CBD have additionally been attributed to PPARγ agonism and intracellular calcium release. CBD Products

Research suggests that CBD may exert some of it’s pharmacological action through it’s inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), which may in turn increase the levels of endocannabinoids, such as anandamide, produced by the body. It has also been speculated that some of the metabolites of CBD have pharmacological effects that contribute to the biological activity of CBD. CBD Products

Pharmacokinetics

The oral bioavailability of CBD is 13 to 19%, while it’s bioavailability via inhalation is 11 to 45% (mean 31%). The elimination half-life of CBD is 9 hours. CBD Products

Chemistry

Cannabidiol is insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents such as pentane. At room temperature, it is a colorless crystalline solid. In strongly basic media and the presence of air, it is oxidized to a quinone. Under acidic conditions it cyclizes to THC. The synthesis of cannabidiol has been accomplished by several research groups. CBD Products

Biosynthesis

Cannabis produces CBD-carboxylic acid through the same metabolic pathway as THC, until the next to last step, where CBDA synthase performs catalysis instead of THCA synthase. CBD Products

History

CBD was isolated from the cannabis plant in 1940 independently by Adams and Todd and their colleagues. They assessed CBD and considered it to be biologically inactive. The chemical structure of CBD was fully established in 1963 by Mechoulam and Shvo. CBD Products

Society and culture

Names
Cannabidiol is the generic name of the drug and it’s INN.

Food and beverage

Food and beverage products containing CBD were introduced in the United States in 2018. Similar to energy drinks and protein bars which may contain vitamin or herbal additives, food and beverage items can be infused with CBD as an alternative means of ingesting the substance. In the United States, numerous products are marketed as containing CBD, but in reality contain little or none. Some companies marketing CBD-infused food products with claims that are similar to the effects of prescription drugs have received warning letters from the Food and Drug Administration for making unsubstantiated health claims. CBD Products

Plant sources
Selective breeding of cannabis plants has expanded and diversified as commercial and therapeutic markets develop. Some growers in the U.S. succeeded in lowering the proportion of CBD-to-THC to accommodate customers who preferred varietals that were more mind-altering due to the higher THC and lower CBD content. To meet the demands of medical cannabis users, growers have also developed more CBD-dominant strains. Cultural discussions and references to clinical studies that include CBD have influenced the demand for CBD-dominant products. Hemp is classified as any part of the cannabis plant containing no more than 0.3% THC in dry weight form (not liquid or extracted form). CBD Products

Legal status

Non-psychoactivity
CBD does not appear to have any psychoactive (“high”) effects such as those caused by ∆9-THC in marijuana, but may have anti-anxiety and anti-psychotic effects. As the legal landscape and understanding about the differences in medical cannabinoids unfolds, it will be increasingly important to distinguish “medical marijuana” (with noted varying degrees of psychotropic effects and deficits in executive function) – from “medical CBD”. CBD Products

Various breeds/strains of “medical marijuana” are found to have a significant variation in the ratios of CBD-to-THC and are known to contain other non-psychotropic cannabinoids. However it is only the amount of ∆9-THC that chemically gives a legal determination as to whether the plant material(s) used for the purposes of extracting CBD are considered hemp, or considered marijuana. CBD Products

Any psychoactive marijuana, regardless of it’s CBD content, is derived from the flower (or bud) of the genus Cannabis. Non-psychoactive hemp (also commonly-termed industrial hemp), regardless of it’s CBD content, is any part of the cannabis plant, whether growing or not, containing a ∆-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of no more than three-tenths of one percent (0.3%) on a dry weight basis. Certain standards are required for legal growing, cultivating and producing the hemp plant. The Colorado Industrial Hemp Program registers growers of industrial hemp and samples crops to verify that the THC concentration does not exceed 0.3% on dry weight basis. CBD Products

United Nations

Cannabidiol is not scheduled by the Convention on Psychotropic Substances.

United States

In the United States, cannabidiol is a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act. This means that production, distribution and possession of CBD is illegal under federal law. In 2016, the Drug Enforcement Administration added “marijuana extracts” to the list of Schedule I drugs, which it defined as “an extract containing one or more cannabinoids that has been derived from any plant of the genus Cannabis, other than the separated resin (whether crude or purified) obtained from the plant.” Previously, CBD had simply been considered “marijuana”, which is also a Schedule I drug. In June 2018, the FDA approved oral use of CBD as an anti-seizure drug in treating rare types of childhood epilepsy. This is a contradiction as Schedule 1 substances by definition have no accepted medical use. CBD Products

A CNN program that featured Charlotte’s Web cannabis in 2013 brought increased attention to the use of CBD in the treatment of seizure disorders. Since then, 16 states have passed laws to allow for the use of CBD products (not exceeding a specified concentration of THC) for the treatment of certain medical conditions. This is in addition to the 30 states that have passed comprehensive medical cannabis laws, which allow for the use of cannabis products with no restrictions on THC content. Of these 30 states, eight have legalized the use and sale of cannabis products without requirement for a doctor’s recommendation. CBD Products

Although most states restrict the use of CBD products to certain medical conditions, manufacturers of CBD claim their products are derived from industrial hemp, and therefore legal for anyone to use. A number of these manufacturers ship CBD products to all 50 states, which the federal government has so far not intervened in. CBD is also openly sold in head shops, health food stores, chiropractor clinics, optometrist offices, doctors offices and pharmacies in some states where such sales have not been explicitly legalized. CBD Products

Australia

Prescription medicine (Schedule 4) for therapeutic use containing 2 per cent (2.0%) or less of other cannabinoids commonly found in cannabis (such as ∆9-THC). A schedule 4 drug under the SUSMP is Prescription Only Medicine, or Prescription Animal Remedy – Substances, the use or supply of which should be by or on the order of persons permitted by State or Territory legislation to prescribe and should be available from a pharmacist on prescription. CBD Products

New Zealand

Cannabidiol is currently a class B1 controlled drug in New Zealand under the Misuse of Drugs Act. It is also a prescription medicine under the Medicines Act. In 2017 the rules were changed so that anyone wanting to use it could go to the Health Ministry for approval. Prior to this, the only way to obtain a prescription was to seek the personal approval of the Minister of Health. CBD Products

Associate Health Minister Peter Dunne said restrictions would be removed, which means a doctor will now be able to prescribe cannabidiol to patients. CBD Products

Canada

Cannabidiol is a Schedule II drug in Canada. As such, it is only available with a prescription. It is available as a spray, called Sativex produced by GW Pharmaceuticals in the UK, for use in multiple sclerosis. The Canadian Government announced that October 17, 2018 is the date when marijuana can be consumed recreationally without criminal penalties, indicating that various cannabidiol products will be freely available to adult consumers. CBD Products

Europe

Cannabidiol is listed in the EU Cosmetics Ingredient Database (CosIng). However, the listing of an ingredient, assigned with an INCI name, in CosIng does not mean it is to be used in cosmetic products nor approved for such use. CBD Products

Cannabidiol is listed in the EU Novel Food Catalogue. This listing only applies to isolated or synthetic CBD, not to crude hemp extracts or tinctures naturally containing CBD. CBD Products

The European Industrial Hemp Association has issued a position paper suggesting regulatory framework in EU. CBD Products

Several industrial hemp varieties can be legally cultivated in western Europe. A variety such as “Fedora 17” has a cannabinoid profile consistently around 1% cannabidiol (CBD) with THC less than 0.1%. CBD Products

Although the World Health Organization listed Cannabidiolum in a list of International Nonproprietary Names for Pharmaceutical Substances (INN) on 30 June 2016. French and Spanish versions wrongly mention agonist action of CBD on cannabinoid receptors while the English version says CBD is a cannabinoid receptor antagonist. CBD Products

Sweden

CBD is not classified in Sweden.

United Kingdom

Cannabidiol, in an oral-mucosal spray formulation combined with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is a prescription product available for relief of severe spasticity due to multiple sclerosis (where other anti-spasmodics have not been effective). CBD Products

As of 31 December 2016, products containing cannabidiol that are marketed for medical purposes are classed as medicines by the UK regulatory body, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) and cannot be marketed without regulatory approval for the medical claims. CBD Products

Switzerland

While THC remains illegal, CBD is not subject to the Swiss Narcotic Acts because this substance does not produce a comparable psychoactive effect. Cannabis products containing less than 1% THC can be sold and purchased legally. CBD Products

Research

A 2016 review of animal studies indicated that cannabidiol has potential as an anxiolytic for relief of anxiety-related disorders and fear. Reviews of preliminary research showed cannabidiol has potential for improving addictive disorders and drug dependence, although as of 2016, they indicated limited high-quality evidence for anti-addictive effects in people. CBD Products

Hemp oil

Hemp oil or hempseed oil is obtained by pressing hemp seeds. Cold pressed, unrefined hemp oil is dark to clear light green in color, with a nutty flavour. The darker the color, the grassier the flavour. It should not be confused with hash oil, a tetrahydrocannabinol-containing oil made from the Cannabis flower, hailed by some for it’s medicinal qualities. CBD Products

Description

Refined hempseed oil is clear and colorless, with little flavor and lacks natural vitamins and antioxidants. Refined hempseed oil is primarily used in body care products. Industrial hempseed oil is used in lubricants, paints, inks, fuel, and plastics. Hempseed oil has found some use in the production of soaps, shampoos and detergents. The oil is of high nutritional value because of it’s 3:1 ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 essential fatty acids, which matches the balance required by the human body. It has also received attention in recent years as a possible feedstock for the large-scale production of biodiesel. There are a number of organizations that promote the production and use of hempseed oil. CBD Products

Manufacture

Hempseed oil is manufactured from varieties of Cannabis sativa that do not contain significant amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive element present in the cannabis plant. This manufacturing process typically includes cleaning the seed to 99.99% before pressing the oil. There is no THC within the hempseed, although trace amounts of THC may be found in hempseed oil when plant matter adheres to the seed surface during manufacturing. The modern production of hempseed oil, particularly in Canada, has successfully lowered THC values since 1998. Regular accredited sampling of THC in Canadian hemp seed oil shows THC levels usually below detection limit of 4 ppm (parts per million, or 4 mg/kg). Legal limit for THC content in foodstuffs in Canada is 10 ppm. Some European countries have limits of 5 ppm or none-detected, some EU countries do not have such limits at all. CBD Products

Nutrition

About 30–35% of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil that contains about 80% as essential fatty acids (EFAs); i.e., linoleic acid, omega-6 (LA, 55%), alpha-linolenic acid, omega-3 (ALA, 22%), in addition to gamma-linolenic acid, omega-6 (GLA, 1–4%) and stearidonic acid, omega-3 (SDA, 0–2%). CBD Products

The proportions of linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) in one tablespoon per day (15 ml) of hempseed oil easily provides human daily requirements for EFAs. Advocates of hempseed oil hold that unlike flaxseed oil, hempseed oil can be used continuously without developing a deficiency or other imbalance of EFAs. This has supposedly been demonstrated in a small clinical study of 14 people, where the daily ingestion of flaxseed oil “resulted in a higher proportion of ALA” in serum cholesteryl esters and triglycerides as compared with the ingestion of hempseed oil. However, the hempseed oil “resulted in higher proportions of both LA and gamma-linolenic acid” as compared with the flaxseed oil ingestion, and the conclusion talks of “only minor effects on concentrations of fasting serum total or lipoprotein lipid”. CBD Products

In common with other oils, hempseed oil provides 9 kcal/g. Compared with other culinary oils it is low in saturated fatty acids. CBD Products

Highly unsaturated oils, and especially poor quality oils, can spontaneously oxidize and turn rancid within a short period of time when they are not stored properly; i.e., in a cool/cold, dark place, preferably in a dark glass bottle. Hempseed oil can be frozen for longer periods of storage time. Preservatives (antioxidants) are not necessary for high-quality oils that are stored properly. CBD Products

Hempseed oil has a relatively low smoke point and is not suitable for frying. Hempseed oil is primarily used as a food oil and dietary supplement. CBD Products