CBD Hemp Oil

What CBD Hemp Oil is Made from and how it is Manufactured

Hemp is truly a remarkable plant. The low-THC strains of cannabis known as hemp historically have been used for construction materials, rope, and paper. The 2018 Farm Bill changed the definition of hemp to include cannabis plants with less than 0.3 percent THC. CBD oil can now be legalized if it is derived from hemp under this new law. People are asking the question: How is CBD hemp oil produced?

Superior CBD Hemp Oil makes the finest CBD oil-infused products of the highest quality. Our oils and creams are made from legally made, US-grown hemp. We use full-spectrum CBD in our creams and oils. All of our products are third-party lab-tested to ensure quality.

So what is CBD hemp oil made from?

Hemp, a cannabis plant of the Sativa variety, is used for its seeds, flowers, and stalks. It is sturdy, grows quickly, and can be cultivated outdoors with relative ease.

No part of the plant is wasted.

  • Flowers are harvested primarily for their cannabinoids.
  • The seeds are used in many cosmetics and foods.
  • Stalks are a source of fiber for clothing and building materials.

The hemp plant contains high amounts of cannabidiol or CBD, which is a non-psychoactive compound, but very little THC (below 0.3%). THC is the main ingredient that gives marijuana its psychoactive effect. This cannabidiol is why there are so many health benefits for users of CBD oils and Creams.

We use full-spectrum CBD hemp oil for our products.

Full-spectrum CBD refers to products that use a holistic approach when extracting CBD. Some of the beneficial compounds found in the cannabis plant are:

  • Cannabinoids. There are more than 100 different cannabinoids. CBD and THC are among them. The two cannabinoids are responsible for the psychoactive and therapeutic effects of cannabis.
  • Terpenes. More than 150 terpenes are found in cannabis. They affect the plants’ fragrance. They can also be therapeutic (think: lavender’s calming effects).
  • Flavonoids. About 20 varieties of flavonoids are found in cannabis. Flavonoids are in plants like fruits and vegetables to grains and many others. They have therapeutic properties in the same way as terpenes. Studies have shown that cannabis flavonoids are effective in treating certain ailments. They have been shown to contain anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and anti-cancer properties.

Full-spectrum CBD hemp oil is comprised of small amounts of all of these compounds. The CBD interacts more effectively with your body through terpenes, fatty acids, and other plant-based substances. You’ll get all the organic compounds found in hemp in full-spectrum hemp oil. It’s important to ensure that the extraction company uses high-quality hemp.

At Superior CBD Hemp Oil, we use all-natural full-spectrum CBD hemp oil in all our products.

The methods used to extract CBD oil from hemp.

There are 4 different methods used when extracting full-spectrum CBD hemp oil. All four methods are listed here.

Ethanol Hemp Extract

A liquid solvent such as ethanol is the best way to extract CBD. Ethanol, which is non-toxic and easy to evaporate makes it a great choice for making hemp extracts. The alcohol can be evaporated once the liquid has extracted the cannabinoids from the plant. 

Propane and Butane Extraction

Another way to extract CBD is to use butane or propane. The solvent is typically used to extract CBD from hemp. The gas, like other solvents, will remove the cannabinoids from the plant material that is to be extracted with the solution. This method of making hemp concentrates requires careful purging to get rid of all solvents. Butane and propane are unsafe for human consumption so they must be removed from the final product.

CO2 Hemp Extract

Another common method to extract CBD from carbon dioxide (CO2) is to use it in supercritical form. This is where it is pressurized into a dense state that is somewhat like a liquid but also a gas. Similar to other solvents, this process works in a similar way. It’s easy to convert CO2 from a solid into a liquid or gas by manipulating temperature and pressure. This allows hemp oil producers the ability to extract cannabinoids very efficiently from hemp with CO2.

Three chambers are required for CO2 extraction. 

The first chamber contains liquid CO2 that has been pressurized to convert carbon dioxide into liquid. Your plant material is stored in the second chamber. This is legal hemp. 

The second chamber is heated slightly by the extraction machine, which pumps high-pressure liquid CO2 into it. The temperature rises, and the carbon dioxide becomes supercritical, which rapidly removes cannabinoids from hemp.

The CO2 is sprayed over the plant material until the solution has absorbed all the cannabinoids. The solution is then moved into the third chamber of the hemp extraction machine. 

The third chamber is able to reduce the pressure so that the CO2 becomes a normal gas at room temperature. The cannabinoids are released by the carbon dioxide gas, and the chamber’s pressure rises. Hemp oil is then collected at the bottom.

Oil Extraction

This is the last type of extraction we will cover. The heating of the hemp in oil is all that’s required to make this CBD extract. This allows the cannabinoids from the hemp to be activated and then transferred into the oil. Olive oil, MCT oil, and other similar products are used by some manufacturers.

To learn more about how CBD products are made or to buy CBD Products online, visit us here.

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